A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing in characters similar to those produced by printer's movable type.
Typewriters, which were invented in the 1860s, do this by means of keyboard-operated types striking a ribbon to transfer ink or carbon impressions onto paper.
Typically one character is printed per key-press. The machine prints characters by making ink impressions of type elements similar to the sorts used in movable type letterpress printing.
This is an Oliver no.3 typewriter which was first manufactured by the Oliver Typewriter Company, of Woodstock, Illinois, USA. The no.3 model was manufactured from 1900 until March 1907.
The Oliver typewriters were the first of the down-stroke models which allowed 'visible print' when typing. The shape of the machine focuses the typist on the few centimetres of text that are visible while typing.
The Oliver Typewriter Company was founded by the Canadian Reverend Thomas Oliver in 1895, and the first Oliver typewriter appeared in 1896/7.
The company sold over 1 million machines before it went into liquidation in 1928.
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