A video tape recorder (VTR) records video material on magnetic tape. The first practical video tape recorder was developed by Ampex Corporation in 1956.
The early VTRs were reel-to-reel devices which recorded on individual reels of 2 inch (5.08cm) wide magnetic tape. They were used in television studios, serving as a replacement for motion picture film stock and making recording for television applications cheaper and quicker. Improved formats, where the tape was contained inside a videocassette, were introduced around 1969 (machines that played them were called videocassette recorders). The first consumer videocassette recorder was introduced by Sony in 1971.
Handheld video camcorder
This is a Bauer C1M Super handheld camcorder that was manufactured between 1968 and 1971. The German company Bauer became a subsidiary of Robert Bosch in 1932 and was well-known for producing Super 8 video camcorders such as the one displayed here (a camcorder is an electronic device combining a video camera and a video recorder). Bosch stopped its Super 8 film activities in 1985. Super 8 mm film is a motion picture film format released in 1965 by Eastman Kodak as an improvement on the older 'regular 8' home movie format.